What is gingivitis and what are the symptoms?

What is gingivitis and what are the symptoms?
June 27th, 2016 | Recent Articles | Comments Off on What is gingivitis and what are the symptoms?

What is gingivitis and what are the symptoms?

Gingivitis — an inflammation of the gums — is the initial stage of gum disease and the easiest to treat. The direct cause of gingivitis is plaque – the soft, sticky, colorless film of bacteria that forms constantly on the teeth and gums.

Risk factors for gingivitis

The following are risk factors for gingivitis:

  • smoking or chewing tobacco
  • diabetes
  • consuming certain medications (oral contraceptives, steroids, anticonvulsants, calcium channel blockers, and chemotherapy)
  • crooked teeth
  • dental appliances that fit poorly
  • broken fillings
  • pregnancy
  • genetic factors
  • compromised immunity (such as HIV/AIDS patients)

Gingivitis can be prevented by proper and consistent oral hygiene. Make certain to eat a balanced diet and visit the dentist regularly. Brush your teeth twice daily with fluoride toothpaste. Floss your teeth every day.

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